Doodle adalah perubahan logo dalam rangka memperingati suatu hari atau kejadian spesial. Doodle jika dibahasa Indonesiakan bisa disebut orat-oret.
Pada tahun 1998, 2 pendiri Google pertama kali membuat orat-oret pada logo perusahaan mereka itu. Kemudian, pada tahun 2000, logo Google semakin sering diorat-oret.
Sejauh ini, telah lebih dari 4000 Doodle yang dibuat. Yang merancang orat-oret ini tidak hanya karyawan Google, namun juga banyak dihasilkan dari kompetisi membuat orat-oret yang diselenggarakan oleh Google.
Orat-oret ini pun tidak semata-mata memperingati hal-hal yang penting atau berkaitan dengan Amerika Serikat. Namun, kini di tiap-tiap negara di mana Google hadir, orat-oret Google juga mengikuti. Seperti contohnya, memperingati hari Kemerdekaan Indonesia, tokoh penting dari Meksiko, festival yang ada di Jepang, dan lain-lain.
Jika Anda mempunyai ide untuk orat-oret logo Google berikutnya, Anda bisa mengirimkan ide Anda ke alamat surel firstname.lastname@example.org.
There are 20 Apple Stores in all of France. First, let’s start with some administrative stuff. Correct me if I am wrong.
France is divided into 18 Regions (13 are in Europe and 5 are elsewhere). The Regions are divided into Departments. Departments are numbered, each of them is given a number, alphabetically, meaning that they are arranged based on the first letter of the department’s name. So, departments with A as the first letter get the lowest numbers. Then again, some of their names change over time and the numbers do not.
Hence, adjacent numbers do not necessarily mean that the departments are in the same region. Below Departments, there are Arrondissements, Cantons, and Communes. Among them all, we are just going to talk about Region, Department, and Commune here. Cities usually are communes with more than 20,000 inhabitants.
A few more things to note: Prefectures are the capitals, where the administration of a department or a region is located. Subprefectures are like the second-capitals of a department or a region.
Store number 1 is in Aix-en-Provence. It is a city in southern France, about 30 km north of Marseille. This commune is the subprefecture of Bouches-du-Rhône Department, which is located in the Region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur or Région Sud. This region’s economy is the third-largest in France, while the department is the most populous in this region. The commune is part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis.
Store number 2 is at Sainte-Catherine in Bordeaux. Rue Sainte-Catherine is the main shopping street in Bordeaux. The commune is the prefecture of the Gironde Department and also of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region, which is the largest region in France by area. The commune is part of Bordeaux Métropole.
Store number 3 is at La Toison d’Or in Dijon. The commune is the prefecture of Côte-d’Or Department and also of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Region (together with Besançon). It is part of Dijon Métropole.
Store number 4 is at Parly 2 in Le Chesnay. Actually, since 1 January 2019, Le Chesnay and another commune had merged to become a new commune called Le Chesnay-Rocquencourt. The commune (southwest of Paris) is located in Yvelines Department whose Prefecture is Versailles (west of Paris) and in Île-de-France or Paris Region.
Store number 6 is in Lille. The commune is the prefecture of both the Nord Department and Hauts-de-France Region. The region itself is the third most populous region and the second most densely populated in metropolitan France and It is part of Métropole européenne de Lille (the fourth-largest urban area in France).
Store number 7 is at Confluence in Lyon. The commune is the third-largest and have the second-largest urban area in France. It is about 470 km south of Paris and around 320 km north of Marseille. Lyon is the prefecture of both Lyon Metropolis (which has jurisdiction as both a department and a métropole) and the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region. The region is the third-largest by area in metropolitan France and the second-biggest by number of population.
Store number 8 is also in Lyon. This store is located at Part-Dieu. La Part-Dieu is one of the biggest shopping malls in Europe, located in Lyon-Part-Dieu CBD. Lyon is the headquarter of Interpol and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Store number 9 is at Val d’Europe in Marne-la-Vallee. Val d’Europe is a shopping mall located 30 minutes to the east of Paris and 5 minutes from Disneyland Paris. Marne-la-Vallee is a new town where Disneyland Paris and Walt Disney Studios Park are located too.
Store number 10 is in Marseille at a shopping mall called Les Terrasses du Port. It is the second-largest city in France. It is the prefecture of both the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur or Région Sud. It is also part of Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis.
Store number 12 is at CAP 3000 in Nice. Actually, the shopping mall is not located in Nice per se, but is located in Saint-Laurent-du-Var (another commune). This commune is the second-largest suburb of Nice. Both communes are in Métropole Nice Côte d’Azur. They are also situated in the same Department (Alpes-Maritimes, of which Nice is the prefecture) and Region (Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur).
More about Nice, it is the seventh-most populous urban area in France. Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region after Marseille. Nice is about 13 km from Monaco and 30 km from the French-Italian border. Its airport is the third busiest in France, behind two Parisian ones.
Store number 13 is at Champs-Élysées in Paris. It is the capital city and the most populous city of France. It is a commune and a department in itself. It is the prefecture of Île-de-France, or Paris Region. Champs-Élysées itself is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. Arc de Triomphe is on one end of this avenue. Élysée Palace, the official residence of the French President is located in this arrondissement.
Store number 14 is still in Paris. It is at Marché Saint-Germain. It is located in the 6th arrondissement. It is also called Luxembourg. It is the seat of the French Senate.
Store number 15 is in Paris as well. It is at Opéra. It is in the 9th arrondissement. The arrondissement itself is called Opéra. Groupe Danone, BNP Paribas, Gameloft, and Google Paris has offices here.
Store number 16 is at Les Quatre Temps in Puteaux – la Defense. Puteaux itself is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, about 8.7 km from the center of Paris. Hence, the commune is not part of the Paris Department, but still in Île-de-France, or Paris Region and in Métropole du Grand Paris. Puteaux is situated in Hauts-de-Seine Department.
La Défense is Europe’s largest purpose-built business district. It spreads over four communes, two-thirds are in Puteaux.
Store number 17 is at Rosny 2 in Rosny-Sous-Bois. It is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris. It is about 10.1 km from the center of Paris. The commune is part of Métropole du Grand Paris and Île-de-France or Paris Region, but not part of Paris Department. It is part of Seine-Saint-Denis Department.
Store number 18 is at Atlantis in Saint Herblain. It is a commune in Loire-Atlantique Department and Pays de la Loire Region. It is the largest suburb of the city of Nantes. Hence, it is part of the Nantes Metropolis.
Store number 19 is in Strasbourg. More precisely it is at L’Aubette at Place Kléber (the largest square at the center of the city of Strasbourg in the heart of the city’s commercial area). The square is a World Heritage Site. L’Aubette is a historical building built in 1765-1772.
Store number 20 is at Vélizy 2 in Velizy-Villacoublay. The shopping center is the biggest in Île-de-France or Paris Region. The commune is in Yvelines Department and part of Communauté d’agglomération Versailles Grand Parc. It is around 13.9 km to the southwest from the center of Paris and 3.2 km to the east from Versailles (the prefecture of the Yvelines Department).
☆Let’s start with Beijing (北京市). It is the capital city of People’s Republic of China. It ithe second largest city in the country, behind Shanghai. It has around 21 million residents. The city is directly administered by the central government. Beijing is home to 52 Fortune Global 500 companies. There are five Apple Stores here.
Stores number 1, 2, and 3 are in Chaoyang District (朝阳区). The district is home to the majority of Beijing’s many foreign embassies and big companies.
Store number 4 is at Wangfujing (王府井) in Dongcheng District (东城区). 王府井 is read as Wángfǔ jǐng. It is a shopping street in Beijing. Dongcheng District is where the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, and Tiananmen Square are located.
☆Up next, is Chongqing (重庆市). Chongqing is the largest of the four direct-controlled municipalities in the country, the other three are Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin. There are three Apple Stores here in Chongqing. All three are located in Chongqing’s core districts.
☆Next on the list is Fujian (福建省). There are two Apple Stores in this province. It is located in the southeastern coast of China.
Store number 1 is at Tahoe Plaza (泰禾广场) in Fuzhou (福州市). More precisely, it is situated in Jin’an District (晋安区). Fuzhou is the capital of the province. 泰禾广场 is read as Tài hé guǎngchǎng.
Store number 2 is at Xiamen Lifestyle Center (厦门新生活广场) in Xiamen (厦门市). More precisely, it is situated in Siming District (思明区). Together with Huli District, the two districts form a Special Economic Zone. 厦门新生活广场 is read as Xiàmén xīn shēnghuó guǎngchǎng.
☆Up next is Guangdong (广东省). This province is the most populous province in China. Its economy is the largest out of all provinces in China. There are three Apple Stores here.
Store number 1 is at Parc Central (天环广场) in Guangzhou (广州市). More precisely, it is situated in Tianhe District (天河区). 天环广场 is read as Tiān huán guǎngchǎng. Guangzhou is the capital and the most populous city of the province. It is about 120 km north northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau.
Store number 2 is in Zhujiang New Town (珠江新城). It is an area in Guangzhou. The Consulate General of the United States is located here. 珠江新城 is read as Zhūjiāng xīnchéng. Zhujiang New Town is also located in Tianhe District.
☆Up next is Guangxi (广西). It is not a province but is an autonomous region of China. It borders Vietnam to the southwest. There is only one Apple Store here. The store is located at MixC Nanning (南宁万象城) in Nanning (南宁市). 南宁万象城 is read as Nánníng wànxiàng chéng. Nanning is the capital and the largest city of Guangxi.
☆Up next is Henan (河南省). It is the third-most populous province in China. There is only one Apple Store here and it is located in Zhengzhou (郑州市), the capital and the largest city of Henan Province. Foxconn Zhengzhou is located here. The Store is situated at MixC Zhengzhou (郑州万象城). 郑州万象城 is read as Zhèngzhōu wànxiàng chéng.
☆Next on the list is Jiangsu (江苏省). There are five Apple Stores in this province.
Stores number 1, 2, and 3 are in Nanjing (南京市). It is the capital and the largest city of Jiangsu.
Store number 4 is in Suzhou (苏州). More precisely, it is situated at Suzhou Center Mall (苏州中心商场; read as Sūzhōu zhōngxīn shāngchǎng) in Suzhou Industrial Park (苏州工业园区; read as Sūzhōu gōngyè yuánqū). The city (苏州市) is about 100 km northwest of Shanghai. It is the second-largest city in Jiangsu Province. Major universities in Suzhou Industrial Park include Suzhou University and Xi’an Jiatong-Liverpool University.
Store number 5 is at Center 66 Wuxi (无锡恒隆广场) in Wuxi (无锡市). More precisely, it is situated in Liangxi District (梁溪区). Wuxi is around 135 km northwest of downtown Shanghai. 无锡恒隆广场 is read as Wúxī hénglóng guǎngchǎng.
Stores number 2 and 3 are at Hong Kong Plaza (香港广场) and Nanjing East (南京东路) respectively. 香港广场 is read as Xiānggǎng guǎngchǎng. 南京东路 is read as Nánjīng dōng lù. Both are in Huangpu District (黄浦区). It is the seat of the municipal government. The Bund and Nanjing Road are located here.
Store number 4 is at Pudong (浦东) in Pudong District or Pudong New Area (浦东新区). New area means the area is given special power (privilege) in a form of economic and development support either by the center or regional government. So, in this case Pudong District’s privilege, correct me if I am wrong, is equivalent to Guangzhou, Nanjing, Qingdao, and Shenzhen.
Shanghai Disney Resort, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Oriental Pearl Tower and the Shanghai Stock Exchange are all located here.
☆Up next is Tianjin (天津市). It lies to the southeast of Beijing. It shares borders with Beijing. There are three Apple Stores in Tianjin. They are in Hexi – the seat of the municipality, Heping – the center of all the core urban districts in terms of culture, commerce, and finance, and Nankai – the most populous core urban district.