Apple Stores in Spain

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The Apple Stores below are arranged alphabetically based on the name of the municipality (municipio) it is located in. After the municipality’s name, I put the name of the province or the autonomous community in which the municipality is located, in brackets. This is because, an autonomous community might have only one province (often of the same name).

Store number 1 is at Río Shopping in Arroyo de la Encomienda (Valladolid). Province of Valladolid is in northwest Spain, being part of the Autonomous Community of Castile and León. It is the largest autonomus community in Spain, by area.

https://www.rioshopping.com/es-es/stores/apple

Store number 2 is at Xanadú in Arroyomolinos (Madrid). The Madrid we are talking here is not the municipality, but the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

Apple Store

Store number 3 is at La Maniquista in Barcelona (Barcelona). Barcelona is the capital and the largest city of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. It is also the second-most populous city of Spain. The city is also the capital and part of Comarca Barcelonès (a type of county in Catalonia) and Province of Barcelona.

https://www.lamaquinista.com/store/Apple Store

Store number 4 is on Passeig de Gràcia in Barcelona (Barcelona) too. Passeig de Gràcia is an important shopping avenue located in Eixample District of Barcelona.

Store number 5 is at Nueva Condomina in Churra (Murcia). Churra is a hamlet in the Municipality of Murcia, which is the capital and the most populous city of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia in southeast Spain.

https://nueva-condomina.klepierre.es/tiendas-restaurantes/apple-store

Store number 6 is at Parquesur in Leganés (Madrid). Leganés is a municipality in the Community of Madrid, located around 11 km southwest of the centre of Madrid.

https://www.parquesur.com/store/Apple Store

Store number 7 is at Puerta del Sol in Madrid (Madrid). Now, we are talking about the municipality of Madrid. It is the capital and the most populous city of Spain. Madrid houses the headquarters of Repsol and UNWTO. Puerta del Sol is a public square in the very heart of Madrid, KM 0. It is in the Sol Ward in Centro District. It means really at the centre.

Store number 8 is at Gran Plaza 2 in Majadahonda (Madrid). Majadahonda is about 16 km northwest of Madrid (municipality).

https://www.centrocomercialgranplaza2.com/tienda/apple?location=A032-A033-A034

Store number 9 is at La Cañada in Marbella (Málaga). Marbella is a municipality in southern Spain. It is part of the Province of Málaga in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Marbella is the second-most populous municipality in the province.

https://www.lacanadashopping.com/es/electronica-fotografia/apple

Store number 10 is on Calle Colón in Valencia (Valencia). Valencia is the capital city of the Autonomous Community of Valencia. It is the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona. It is the most luxurious shopping street in Valencia.

Store number 11 is at Puerto Venecia in Zaragoza (Zaragoza). Zaragoza is the capital city of the Zaragoza Province and of the Autonomous Community of Aragon.

https://www.puertovenecia.com/tienda/62-apple

Microsoft Stores in Canada

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There are 7 Microsoft Stores in Canada, situated in 3 provinces, Alberta, British Columbia, and Ontario.

Store number 1 is at CF Chinook Centre in Calgary, AB. The city is roughly 299 km south of the provincial capital of Edmonton and approximately 240 km north of the Canada-United States border. It is Alberta’s largest city and Canada’s third largest municipality after Toronto and Montreal.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/ab/calgary/cf-chinook-centre/store-1053

https://www.cfshops.com/chinook-centre/stores/store.microsoft.0150G.html

Store number 2 is at West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton, AB. It is one of the most visited malls in Canada.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/ab/edmonton/west-edmonton-mall/store-1014

https://www.wem.ca/directory/stores/microsoft-store

Store number 3 is at Metropolis at Metrotown in Burnaby, BC. It is located immediately to the east of Vancouver. It is also the third-largest city in the province. Metrotown is the downtown of Burnaby.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/bc/burnaby/metropolis-at-metrotown/store-1016

https://metropolisatmetrotown.com/en/stores/microsoft-store/

Store number 4 is at CF Pacific Centre in Vancouver, BC. It is the most populous city in the province.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/bc/vancouver/cf-pacific-centre/store-1091

https://www.cfshops.com/pacific-centre/stores/store.apple.G030.html

Store number 5 is at Square One Shopping Centre in Mississauga, ON. The city is the sixth-most populous municipality in Canada and third-most in Ontario. It is home to Toronto Pearson International Airport, the country’s busiest airport. It is the Canadian home to several multinational companies, like Abbott Laboratories, Citi, Federal Express, General Electric, Hershey, Hewlett-Packard, Kellogg, Microsoft, Nissan, PepsiCo, Wal-Mart, and Wells Fargo.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/on/mississauga/square-one-shopping-centre/store-1029

Store number 6 is at CF Toronto Eaton Centre in Toronto, ON. It is the capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/on/toronto/cf-toronto-eaton-centre/store-1074

Store number 7 is at Yorkdale Shopping Centre in Toronto, ON.

https://www.microsoft.com/fr-ca/store/locations/on/toronto/yorkdale-shopping-centre/store-32

Apple Store(s) in South Korea

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So far, there is only one Apple Store in South Korea.

The store is located in Garosugil (가로수길) in Gangnam-gu (강남구), Seoul (서울). Seoul is the capital of South Korea. It is home to companies like Samsung, LG, Kia, SK, Nongshim Group, CJ, Lotte, and Hyundai. It has five UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Gangnam District is the third-largest district in Seoul. Many entertainment companies are located here. Garosugil is an area in Sinsa neighbourhood in Gangnam.

Apple Stores in Singapore

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There are three Apple Stores in Singapore.

Store number 1 is at Jewel Changi Airport. It is a nature-themed entertainment and retail complex on the landside of Changi Airport. It is linked to Terminals 1, 2, and 3. The world’s tallest indoor waterfall, the Rain Vortex is also found here.

https://www.jewelchangiairport.com/en/shop/apple.html

Store number 2 is on Orchard Road. It is the main shopping street in Singapore. This Apple Store is the first one in Southeast Asia.

Store number 3 is at Marina Bay Sands. It is an integrated resort in Singapore, owned by the Las Vegas Sands corporation.

https://www.marinabaysands.com/shopping/apple.html

Microsoft Stores in the United States

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There are Microsoft Stores in 31 states in the USA. You can buy Windows PCs, Surface devices, Xbox consoles and games, Office and more.

First, Arizona.

Store number 1 is at Chandler Fashion Center in Chandler, AZ. It is located kind of in the middle of the state. The city is located in the same county as the capital and most populous city of the state, Phoenix. This county, Maricopa County has a population that is more than 23 states in the US.

https://www.shopchandlerfashioncenter.com/Directory/Details/213975

Store number 2 is at Scottsdale Fashion Square in Scottsdale, AZ. It is also a city in Maricopa County.

https://www.fashionsquare.com/Directory/Details/162830

Next, we move to California.

Store number 1 is at Westfield Topanga in Canoga Park, CA. Topanga is a neighborhood in Los Angeles.

https://www.westfield.com/topanga/store/Microsoft

Store number 2 is at Los Cerritos Center in Cerritos, CA.

https://www.shoploscerritos.com/Directory/Details/214473

Store number 3 is at The Village at Corte Madera in Corte Madera, CA.

https://www.villageatcortemadera.com/Directory/Details/150977

Store number 4 is at South Coast Plaza in Costa Mesa, CA. Costa Mesa is a city in Orange County, CA. South Coast Plaza is the largest shopping center in California.

Store number 5 is at Westfield Century City in Los Angeles, CA.

Store number 6 is at The Shops at Mission Viejo in Mission Viejo, CA.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-shops-at-mission-viejo/stores/microsoft

Store number 7 is at Stanford Shopping Center in Palo Alto, CA. The city is one of the principal cities of Silicon Valley, being the headquarter of a number of high-technology companies.

https://www.simon.com/mall/stanford-shopping-center/stores/microsoft

Store number 8 is at Fashion Valley in San Diego, CA. Nearby the US-Mexico border, the city is home to Qualcomm, Inc. and UC San Diego.

https://www.simon.com/mall/fashion-valley/stores/microsoft

Store number 9 is at Westfield San Francisco Centre in San Francisco, CA.

https://www.westfield.com/sanfrancisco/store/Microsoft

Store number 10 is at Westfield Valley Fair in Santa Clara, CA. The city is home of Intel. It is to the east of Cupertino.

https://www.westfield.com/valleyfair/store/Microsoft

Now, let’s move on to Colorado.

The only Microsoft Store here is at Park Meadows Mall in Lone Tree, CO.

https://www.parkmeadows.com/en/directory/microsoft-8870.html

Next stop is Connecticut. There are two Microsoft Stores here.

One is at Danbury Fair Mall in Danbury, CT. The city is roughly 80 km far from New York City.

https://www.danburyfairmall.com/Directory/Details/162758

The other one is at Westfarms in Farmington, CT. It takes around two hours by car from New York City and Boston.

https://shopwestfarms.com/stores/microsoft

Up next is Delaware. The only Microsoft Store is located at Christiana Mall in Newark, DE. The city is neither the capital nor the largest city of the state, but it is home to the University of Delaware. The mall is the largest shopping center in Delaware.

https://www.christianamall.com/en/directory/microsoft-10383.html

Next stop is Florida.

Store number 1 in this state is at Aventura Mall in Aventura, FL.

Store number 2 is at Town Center at Boca Raton in Boca Raton, FL. The city is 69 km north of Miami.

https://www.simon.com/mall/town-center-at-boca-raton/stores/microsoft

Store number 3 is at St. Johns Town Center in Jacksonville, FL. The city is the largest city by area in the contiguous Unites States, meaning Alaska excluded.

https://www.simon.com/mall/st-johns-town-center/stores/microsoft

Store number 4 is at Dadeland Mall in Miami, FL.

https://www.simon.com/mall/dadeland-mall/stores/microsoft

Store number 5 is at Mall at Millenia in Orlando, FL. The city is the fourth-largest city in Florida. Walt Disney World Resort and Universal Orlando Resort are located in the city. It also houses the Orange County Convention Center, which is the second-largest convention center in the country. It is also home to the University of Central Florida.

Store number 6 is at The Florida Mall in Orlando, FL as well.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-florida-mall/stores/microsoft

Store number 7 is at The Mall at University Town Center in Sarasota, FL.

Store number 8 is at International Plaza and Bay Street in Tampa, FL. In terms of number of population, the city is the third-largest city in Florida.

https://shopinternationalplaza.com/stores/microsoft

Up next is Georgia. There are two Microsoft Stores here and both are in Atlanta, GA.

One is at Lenox Square Mall.

https://www.simon.com/mall/lenox-square/stores/microsoft

The other one is at Perimeter Mall. Perimeter is the second-largest shopping center in the state. The city has many corporations’ headquarters nearby such as Delta Air Lines, The Coca-Cola Company, AT&T Mobility, to name a few.

https://www.perimetermall.com/en/directory/microsoft-12280.html

Next on the list is Hawaii. There is only one Microsoft Store here.

It is at Ala Moana Center in Honolulu, HI. It is the capital and the largest city of the state.

https://www.alamoanacenter.com/en/directory/microsoft-11019.html

Up next is Illinois. There are two Microsoft Stores here.

One is at Oakbrook Center in Oak Brook, IL. Oak Brook is a village and a suburb of Chicago. It is the headquarter of Ace Hardware.

https://www.oakbrookcenter.com/en/directory/microsoft-9136.html

The other one is at Woodfield Mall in Schaumburg, IL. Schaumburg is a village and a suburb of Chicago. The mall is the largest in Illinois.

After that, we are going to Indiana. The only Microsoft Store here is situated at The Fashion Mall at Keystone in Indianapolis, IN. The city is the capital and the most populous city in the state.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-fashion-mall-at-keystone/stores/microsoft

Let’s now move on to Kansas. The only Microsoft Store here is at Oak Park Mall in Overland Park, KS. The mall is the largest in the state of Kansas. Overland Park, KS is the second-most populous city in the state of Kansas and in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. Sprint Corporation (now is a brand of T-Mobile US) has its headquarter in this city.

https://www.thenewoakparkmall.com/store/microsoft

Over at Louisiana, there is also one Microsoft Store there. It is at Lakeside Shopping Center in Metairie, LA. Metairie is an unincorporated area that would be the state’s fourth-largest city if it were incorporated.

Up next, in Maryland, there is only one Microsoft Store here. It is at Westfield Montgomery in Bethesda, MD. Bethesda is unincorporated, and is located just outside Washington, DC. It is the headquarter of Lockheed Martin and Marriott International.

https://www.westfield.com/montgomery/store/Microsoft

Next on the list is Massachusetts. There are three Microsoft Stores here.

Store number 1 is at Prudential Center in Boston, MA. The city is the capital and most populous city in Massachusetts.

Store number 2 is at Burlington Mall in Burlington, MA.

https://www.simon.com/mall/burlington-mall/stores/microsoft

Store number 3 is at Natick Mall in Natick, MA. It is located 16 km west of Boston, MA.

https://www.natickmall.com/en/directory/microsoft-11310.html

Over in Michigan, there is only one Microsoft Store here. It is at The Somerset Collection in Troy, MI. The city is located about 9.7 km north of Detroit, MI.

Up next is Minnesota. The only Microsoft Store here is at Mall of America in Bloomington, MN. The city is the fifth-largest in Minnesota. It lies 16 km south of Minneapolis, MN. The Mall of America is the largest mall in the United States in terms of total floor area.

https://www.mallofamerica.com/directory/microsoft

The same goes for Missouri. The only Microsoft Store here is at Saint Louis Galleria in Richmond Heights, MO. The city is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, MO (the second-largest city in Missouri).

https://www.saintlouisgalleria.com/en/directory/microsoft-11246.html.

☆Nevada also has one Microsoft Store. It is located at Fashion Show in Las Vegas, NV. The city, internationally renowned major resort city, is the most populous city in Nevada.

https://www.thefashionshow.com/en/directory/microsoft-12053.html

☆New Hampshire also only has one. It is at The Mall at Rockingham Park in Salem, NH. The mall is the largest mall in the state. Rockingham Park is located near the border with Massachusetts.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-mall-at-rockingham-park/stores/microsoft

Up next is New Jersey. There are three Microsoft Stores here.

Store number 1 is at Bridgewater Commons in Bridgewater, NJ.

Store number 2 is at Freehold Raceway Mall in Freehold, NJ.

https://www.freeholdracewaymall.com/Directory/Details/140679

Store number 3 is at Westfield Garden State Plaza in Paramus, NJ. Paramus is a suburb of New York City. The mall is the second-largest in the state.

Next on the list is New York. This state has six Microsoft Stores.

Store number 1 is at Walden Galleria in Buffalo, NY. It is the second largest city in the state of New York.

Store number 2 is at Roosevelt Field in Garden City, NY. It is a village on Long Island. The mall is the largest on Long Island and the second largest in the state.

Store number 3 is at Walt Whitman Shops in Huntington Station, NY. It is a hamlet on Long Island.

https://www.simon.com/mall/walt-whitman-shops/stores/microsoft

Store number 4 is on Fifth Avenue in New York, NY. The city, often simply called New York, is the most populous city in the country and is home to the headquarters of the United Nations.

Store number 5 is at Destiny USA in Syracuse, NY. It is the fifth-most populous city in the state.

Store number 6 is at The Westchester in White Plains, NY. The city is an inner suburb of New York City.

Next on the list is North Carolina. There are two Microsoft Stores here.

One is at SouthPark in Charlotte, NC. It is the most populous city in North Carolina. The Bank of America has its headquarter here. The mall itself is the largest mall in the Carolinas.

https://www.simon.com/mall/southpark/stores/microsoft

The other one is at The Streets at Southpoint in Durham, NC. The city is home to Duke University.

https://www.streetsatsouthpoint.com/en/directory/microsoft-12446.html

Up next is Ohio. There are three Microsoft Stores here.

Store number 1 is at Beachwood Place in Beachwood, OH. The city is a suburb of Cleveland, OH. Beachwood, OH. is home to Canterbury Golf Club. The mall is roughly 16 km from downtown Cleveland.

https://www.beachwoodplace.com/en/directory/microsoft-11487.html

Store number 2 is at Kenwood Towne Centre in Cincinnati, OH. It is the third-largest city in the state.

https://www.kenwoodtownecentre.com/en/directory/microsoft-10678.html

Store number 3 is at Easton Town Center in Columbus, OH. It is the capital and the most populous city in the state.

Let’s move on now to Oklahoma. Here, there are two Microsoft Stores.

One is at Penn Square Mall in Oklahoma City, OK. The city is the capital and the largest city in Oklahoma.

The other one is at Woodland Hills Mall in Tulsa, OK. It is the second-largest city in the state.

Up next is Oregon. The only Microsoft Store here is located at Pioneer Place in Portland, OR. The city is named after Portland, ME. Portland, OR. is the largest and most populous city in Oregon. Many footwear companies such as Nike and Columbia Sportswear have their headquarters nearby.

https://www.pioneerplace.com/en/directory/microsoft-11431.html

Next stop is Pennsylvania. The only Microsoft Store here is located at King of Prussia Mall in King of Prussia, PA. It is an edge city of Philadelphia, PA.

Next on the list is Tennessee. There is only one Microsoft Store here. It is at Mall at Green Hills in Nashville, TN. The city is the capital and the most populous in the state. It is home to Asurion.

Now, let’s go to Texas. Here, there are seven Microsoft Stores.

Store number 1 is at The Domain in Austin, TX. It is the capital city of Texas.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-domain/stores/microsoft

Store number 2 is at NorthPark Center in Dallas, TX. It is the largest city and the seat of Dallas County, TX. It is the third-largest city in the state behind Houston and San Antonio. Dallas, TX is home to Texas Instruments and AT&T.

https://northparkcenter.com/stores/northpark-northpark-center-microsoft

Store number 3 is at Baybrook Mall in Friensdwood, TX. Although the mall has Friendswood mailing address, the mall itself is located within Houston city limits.

https://www.baybrookmall.com/en/directory/microsoft-12745.html

Store number 4 is at Stonebriar Centre in Frisco, TX. The city is approximately 40 km from Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It is also home to many sports teams and hosts many sporting events.

https://www.shopstonebriar.com/en/directory/microsoft-20171.html

Store number 5 is at The Galleria in Houston, TX. It is the most populous city in Texas and fourth most populous city in the country.

https://www.simon.com/mall/the-galleria/stores/microsoft

Store number 6 is at The Shops at La Cantera in San Antonio, TX. It is the second-most populous city in the state. It is the seat of Bexar County.

https://www.theshopsatlacantera.com/en/directory/microsoft-10597.html

Store number 7 is at The Woodlands Mall in The Woodlands, TX. It is 45 km north of Houston, TX.

https://www.thewoodlandsmall.com/en/directory/microsoft-12247.html

Up next is Utah. The only Microsoft Store here is at City Creek Center in Salt Lake City, UT. It is the capital and the most populous city in the state. It is the headquarter of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

Next we have Virginia. Here, there are two Microsoft Stores.

One is at The Fashion Centre at Pentagon City in Arlington, VA. It is situated across the Potomac River directly across the District of Columbia. It is home to Pentagon and a few more federal agencies.

https://www.simon.com/mall/fashion-centre-at-pentagon-city/stores/microsoft

The other is at Tysons Corner Center in Tysons Corner, VA. Tysons Corner or Tysons is part of Washington Metropolitan Area and Fairfax County’s CBD. The mall is the largest in the state and in Baltimore-Washington area. This mall is around 20 km from Washington, DC’s CBD.The city is also home to many corporations.

https://www.tysonscornercenter.com/Directory/Details/119286

And then we have Washington. Here, there are two Microsoft Stores.

One is at Bellevue Square Mall in Bellevue, WA. The city is across Lake Washington from Seattle, WA. It is home to Expedia Group, T-Mobile, Valve Corporation, and an office of The Pokémon Company.

Microsoft

The other one is at University Village in Seattle, WA. It is the largest city in the state and is the seat of King County. It is home to Amazon, Starbucks, Nordstrom, and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Apple Stores in the Netherlands

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There are three Apple Stores in the Netherlands.

Store number 1 is in Amsterdam. It is the capital and the most populous city of the Netherlands. It is part the Province of North Holland. The city houses many museums and canals to visit.

Philips, Booking.com, ING Group, Heineken, and ABN AMRO are headquartered here. Uber, Netflix, and Tesla have their European HQs here. The hub of KLM is also here.

List of tenants

Gevestigde bedrijven

Store number 2 is in Den Haag. It is where the seat of the government of the Netherlands is located. It is the capital of the Province of South Holland. This city, which you may recognize it as the Hague is the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam.

Many embassies are located here. Royal Dutch Shell and PostNL also have their HQs here.

Store number 3 is in Haarlem. It is the capital city of the Province of North Holland, where Amsterdam is also part of.

[Naver Logo Project] Pembukaan Rumah Sakit Modern Pertama di Korea Selatan (10 April 1885)

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https://logoproject.naver.com/beginning

https://logoproject.naver.com/detail?seq=1012&logoType=beginning

Lebih lengkapnya https://blog.naver.com/nvr_design/220664107693

《1884년 12월 4일 저녁, 조선에서 외교고문으로 활동하던 독일인 묄렌도르프는 자신의 집을 향하여 급하게 달려갔다. 그의 등에는 개화파의 피격을 받아 심각자상(刺傷)을 입은 민영익이 피투성이가 된 채 업혀 있었다. 민영익의 상태가 손 쓰기 어려울 정도로 위중한 가운데 미국공사관 의사로 활동하던 선교사 알렌이 밤에 불려왔다. 알렌은 칼에 맞은 상처에 봉합술을 시행했고, 그 결과 민영익은 기적적으로 목숨을 보전할 수 있었다.》

독일 = 獨逸 artinya Jerman

외교 = 外交 artinya diplomasi

심각하다 = 深刻― artinya serius, kritis

상태 = 狀態 artinya kondisi, keadaan

자상 = 刺傷 artinya tusukan

의사 = 醫師 artinya dokter

Pada malam hari tanggal 4 Desember 1884, Möllendorff, orang Jerman yang menjadi penasihat bidang diplomasi di Joseon, lari bergegas ke rumahnya. Min Young-ik, yang menderita luka tusukan yang serius setelah diserang oleh grup pencerahan dibopong oleh Möllendorff dengan darah yang bercucuran. Kondisi Min Young-ik sangat serius sehingga Möllendorff memanggil Allen, seorang misionaris AS yang juga seorang dokter. Allen melakukan jahitan di luka pisau itu dan Min Young-ik secara ajaib bisa sembuh.

《민영익은 명성왕후 민씨 일가로 총애를 한 몸에 받고 있던 인물, 이날 밤 이후로 알렌은 조선 왕실의 전폭적인 지지를 얻을 수 있게 되었다.》

Setelah menyelamatkan anggota keluarga kerajaan, Min Young-ik, Allen berhasil mendapat kepercayaan penuh dari keluarga kerajaan Joseon.

병원을 열어준다면 보수는 받지 않겠습니다》

병원 = 病院 artinya rumah sakit

보수 = 報酬 artinya upah, gaji

Jika kalian membuka rumah sakit, saya tidak akan mengambil bayaran.

왕실과의 관계가 좋아지자 알렌은 고종에게 특별한 요청을 하나 올렸다. 병원을 열고 싶다는 내용이었다. 마침 조선 정부에서도 나름대로 개화를 추진하던 시점이라 서양식 병원 개원은 솔깃한 제안이었다.
​다만 서양 문물을 받아들이는 데 있어 가장 문제가 되는 것이 전문가를 초빙하는 일이었는데, 전문가를 구하는 것은 둘째치고 당시 조선 정부의 재정으로는 그 비용을 감당하기가 어려웠다. 그런데 알렌이라는 서양 의학 전문가가 공간만 제공해 주면 보수를 받지 않고 진료를 하겠다고 하니 조선 정부로서는 거절할 이유가 없었다.》

요청 = 要請 artinya permintaan

관계 = 關係 artinya hubungan

왕실 = 王室 artinya keluarga kerajaan

제안 = 提案 artinya saran, proposal

정부 = 政府 artinya pemerintah

서양 = 西洋 artinya Dunia Barat

고종 = 高宗 artinya Raja Gojong

조선 = 朝鮮 artinya Joseon

Seiring hubungan dengan keluarga kerajaan yang semakin erat, Allen membuat permintaan khusus kepada Raja Gojong. Dia menyatakan ingin membuka sebuah rumah sakit. Membangun rumah sakit bergaya barat adalah suatu proposal yang sangat menggiurkan karena pemerintah Joseon juga sedang berusaha membangun rumah sakit. Namun, masalahnya dalam menerima budaya barat, harus memanggil juga ahli-ahli dari barat dan pasti biasanya mahal. Akan tetapi, Allen hanya meminta tanah untuk membangun dan biaya lainnya tidak akan dibebankan pada pemerintah Joseon.

《그리하여 1885년 4월 10일, 은혜를 널리 베푼다는 뜻의 광혜원(廣惠院)이 문을 연다. 조선 정부가 내어준 공간은 바로 갑신정변의 실패반역자가 된 홍영식의 자택이었다. 이곳은 40병상 수준의 병실과 하루에 외래환자 100명을 치료할 정도의 시설을 갖추었고 그 면적은 600평 정도되는 꽤 큰 규모였다.》

실패 = 失敗 artinya kegagalan

반역자 = 反逆者 artinya pengkhianat

자택 = 自宅 artinya rumah sendiri

치료 = 治療 artinya perawatan

환자 = 患者 artinya pasien, orang sakit

면적 = 面積 artinya luas

병실 = 病室 artinya kamar rumah sakit

Pada tanggal 10 April 1885, Gwanghyewon dibuka untuk umum. Lahan yang disediakan oleh pemerintah Joseon adalah rumah Hong Yeong-sik, pelaku Kudeta Gapsin yang gagal. Rumah sakit itu mempunyai 40 tempat tidur dan fasilitas untuk merawat 100 pasien rawat jalan dalam sehari. Lahannya cukup luas, sekitar 600 pyeong atau 1983,48 m2.

《​광혜원은 2주 만에 제중원(濟衆院)으로 명칭이 바뀌는데 이는 «논어»의 박시제중(博施濟衆)에서 나온 말로 ‘널리 베풀어 사람을 구제한다’는 뜻이 담겨 있다. 조선시대 백성들을 위한 의료기관이었던 혜민서가 1882년에 국가 재정상의 문제로 문을 닫은 이후, 제중원은 백성들을 위한 유일한 의료기관으로 다시 문을 연 것이다.》

혜민서 = 惠民署 = Hyeminseo

Dalam waktu dua minggu, Gwanghyewon diubah namanya menjadi Jejungwon yang berasal dari ungkapan 박시제중(博施濟衆) yang berarti menyelamatkan orang dengan memberi dengan murah hati. Sejak Hyeminseo – otoritas medis Dinasti Joseon – ditutup pada tahun 1882 karena masalah keuangan, Jejungwon menjadi satu-satunya institusi medis untuk masyarakat.

《낯선 서양 의학에 대한 두려움은 황당소문을 만들어냈다. 서양 의사들이 애들을 잡아먹는다더라 혹은 애들로 을 만든다더라 하는 것이었다. 그럼에도 불구하고 제중원을 찾는 발걸음은 끊이지 않았다. 알렌을 비롯한 제중원의 의사들은 하루에 200명 가량을 진료해야 할 정도로 바빴는데 이들 중에는 양반뿐 아니라 걸인이나 나병 환자 등 종래 천대받던 계층의 사람들도 포함되어 있었다. 부녀과가 신설되면서 여성만을 위한 진료도 이루어졌다.》

소문 = 所聞 artinya rumor, kabar angin, gosip

의학 = 醫學 artinya ilmu kedokteran

황당 = 荒唐(無稽) artinya aneh, tidak masuk akal

약 = 藥 artinya obat

Rasa takut akan pengobatan Barat yang belum familiar menciptakan rumor yang tidak masuk akal. Ada yang mengatakan dokter Barat memakan anak kecil atau membuat obat dari anak kecil. Bagaimanapun, pengunjung ke Jejungwon terus datang. Allen dan para dokter lainnya sangat sibuk merawat sekitar 200 pasien per hari. Tidak hanya yangban (양반 / 兩班) – sebagian besar PNS dan tentara – yang dirawat, namun juga dari kelas bawah seperti pengemis dan pasien leprosi (나병 / 癩病). Dengan dibentuknya departemen perempuan, pelayanan kesehatan khusus perempuan juga diberikan.

《의사소통도 제대로 되지 않았지만 피부병이나 백내장 등 한눈에 증세가 보이는 질병들이 많아 환부를 보여주면 그것을 보고 즉각적으로 처치를 할 수 있었다. ​이전에 볼 수 없었던 서양식 치료는 사람들의 놀라움을 불러일으켰고, 아주 소액의 약값을 제외하면 사실상 무료였기에 누구든 치료를 원하는 사람들은 제중원을 찾았다. ​심지어 단순히 서양 의사가 신기해서 구경하러 오는 사람들까지 많이 찾아와 업무에 지장을 줄 정도였다. 이 때문에 제중원에서는 적은 액수였지만 입장료를 받기도 했다.》

Meskipun tidak bisa saling berkomunikasi dengan baik, ada beberapa penyakit yang menunjukkan gejala yang mudah dikenali seperti penyakit kulit dan katarak (백내장 / 白內障), jadi jika area tubuh yang sakit ditunjukkan, mereka bisa mendapat perawatan dengan segera. Perawatan gaya barat, yang belum pernah dilihat sebelumnya, membuat orang-orang terkesima, gratis kecuali harga obat yang tidak terlalu mahal, jadi siapa yang butuh perawatan datang ke Jejungwon. Bahkan, orang-orang yang tidak sakit mengunjungi Jejungwon untuk melihat dokter-dokter barat. Hal ini membuat pekerjaan para dokter sedikit terganggu. Atas hal ini, Jejungwon membayar sedikit uang dan meminta biaya masuk rumah sakit.
 
《제중원에 가면 무엇이든 고쳐준다는 소문이 얼마나 대단했는지 한번은 할머니 한 분이 찾아와,
“여기서 모든 걸 다 고쳐준다는데 내 시계도 좀 고쳐주시오” 라며 고장 난 시계를 의사 앞에 내놓는 해프닝도 있었다.》

Ada suatu ketika seorang ibu membawa jam tangannya yang rusak karena dia mendengar rumor bahwa di Jejungwon, semua hal bisa diperbaiki.

《알렌은 병원을 만들겠다는 제안서를 제출하면서 병원 이외에도 나중에 젊은 학생들을 뽑아서 의학을 가르치겠다는 이야기도 했다. 그리하여 1886년에 제중원의학당을 세워 선발된 학생들에게 의학교육을 시작했다.》

선발 = 選拔 artinya memilih, merekrut

학당 = 學堂 artinya akademi, sekolah

Allen mengajukan proposal untuk membangun akademi kesehatan. Dia akan memilih murid-murid mudah untuk sekolah kedokteran. Akademi Kedokteran Jejungwon dibangun pada tahun 1886.

​《그런데 아이러니하게도 이 학생들 중에 의사가 된 사람은 한 명도 없었다고 한다.
​당장 먹고 살기가 급했던 때인지라 장기간 의학공부를 할 만큼 경제적 여유가 있는 사람이 거의 없었고,
​또 개화 초기이다 보니 약간의 영어만 할 줄 알아도 출세할 수 있었기 때문에 영어와 의술을 둘 다 익혀야 하는 의사는 굳이 가지 않아도 되는 길이었다. ​이러한 이유로 제중원의학당은 서서히 그 목적을 잃고 영어를 가르치는 학교로 변모했다.》

공부 = 工夫 artinya belajar

영어 = 英語 artinya Bahasa Inggris

이유 = 理由 artinya alasan

서서히 = 徐徐 artinya secara pelan-pelan

변모 = 變貌 artinya berubah, bertransformasi (kata benda)

Ironisnya, tidak ada satupun dari murid-murid itu yang menjadi dokter. Pada masa itu, orang-orang sangat kurang dalam hal finansial, tidak ada banyak uang untuk belajar kedokteran yang memerlukan waktu yang lama. Terlebih, itu adalah awal masa pencerahan, jadi orang cukup tahu Bahasa Inggris saja. Mereka merasa tidak perlu belajar Bahasa Inggris dan kedokteran sekaligus. Atas dasar alasan ini, Akademi Kedokteran Jejungwon secara pelan-pelan berubah menjadi sekolah Bahasa Inggris.
 
《그러다가 제중원 4대 원장으로 에비슨이 부임하면서 제중원 운영권이 미국 북장로회 선교부로 이관되어 제중원은 온전한 선교병원이 된다. ​에비슨은 미국의 대부호 세브란스로부터 거액의 기금기부 받아 1904년에 지금의 서울 앞 연세재단 빌딩 자리에 새로 지은 제중원인 세브란스 병원을 신축하는 한편 의학교육에도 매진했다. ​그 결과 1908년, 제중원의학교에서 8년간의 의학교육을 마친 7명의 학생들을 제1회 졸업생으로 배출하였다. ​이들은 우리나라에서 처음으로 의사면허를 부여 받은 정식 의사이자, 후에는 독립운동에 투신한 애국자이기도 했다.》

원장 = 園長·院長 artinya direktur

부임 = 赴任 artinya memulai jabatan baru

이관 = 移管되다 artinya dipindahkan, ditransfer

역 = 驛 artinya stasiun (kereta api)

기부 = 寄附 artinya donasi

기금 = 基金 artinya dana

결과 = 結果 artinya hasil

졸업생 = 卒業生 artinya tamatan, lulusan, alumni

Kemudian, ketika Avison ditunjuk sebagai direktur yang keempat Jejungwon, hak mengoperasikan Jejungwon berpindah tangan ke Departemen Misionari di Northern Presbyterian Church AS, dan Jejungwon menjadi rumah sakit misionaris sepenuhnya. Dengan donasi dana yang besar, pada tahun 1904, Avison membangun rumah sakit baru di lahan yang sekarang menjadi gedung Yayasan Yonsei, di depan Stasiun Seoul, dengan fokus pendidikan kedokteran. Hasilnya, pada tahun 1908, tujuh orang menjadi lulusan pertama setelah menempuh sekolah kedokteran selama delapan tahun. Mereka adalah dokter berlisensi pertama di Korea dan nantinya menjadi pejuang kemerdekaan.

Kamus daring: https://papago.naver.com/

https://en.dict.naver.com/

Apple Stores in Mexico

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There are two Apple Stores in Mexico. Both are in Mexico City, or some say CDMX, D.F. It is the capital and the largest city of Mexico.

Store number 1 is at Vía Santa Fe in Cuajimalpa de Morelos. Vía Santa Fe is a floor section within Centro Santa Fe, a shopping mall. Cuajimalpa de Morelos is an alcaldía or a subdivision of the Mexico City. It borders the State of Mexico to the west.

Apple

Store number 2 is at Antara in Miguel Hidalgo. This alcaldía also borders the State of Mexico to the west. Most of the diplomatic missions, i.e. embassies are in Miguel Hidalgo.

https://www.antara.com.mx/tienda/ver/apple-store

[Naver Logo Project] Peluncuran Permainan Video Pertama “Tennis for Two” (18 Oktober 1958)

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https://logoproject.naver.com/beginning

Lebih lengkapnya https://blog.naver.com/naver_diary/221680564254

《윌리엄 히긴보덤(William Higinbotham)은 미국의 브룩헤이븐 국립 연구소에서 연구원으로 일하고 있었다. 연구소에서는 매년 가을마다 일반인에게 연구소를 개방하는 ‘방문자의 날’을 열었는데, 연구소의 삽화나 설비를 보여주는 것이 전부였던 이 행사에서 방문자들은 쉽게 지루함을 느꼈다.》

연구소 = 硏究所 artinya laboratorium

William Higinbotham bekerja sebagai peneliti di Laboratorium Nasional Brookhaven di Amerika Serikat. Institusi tersebut setiap musim gugur membuka pusat penelitian mereka kepada para khalayak umum. Namun, para pengunjung cepat sekali merasa bosan.

《당시 일반인들이 쉽게 접할 수 없는 기계였던 컴퓨터는 전쟁 등에 활용되는 경우가 많아 부정적인 이미지가 남아 있었다. 히긴보덤은 “어떻게 하면 사람들이 컴퓨터와 가까워질 수 있을까?”라는 고민 끝에 공동 개발자 로버트 드보락(Robert V. Dvorak)과 함께 ‘테니스 포 투’를 개발했다.》

Pada masa itu, komputer jarang sekali dimiliki oleh orang biasa, karena lebih sering dipakai dalam perang. Sehingga, komputer memiliki kesan atau imaji negatif di mata orang awam.

《‘테니스 포 투’의 등장 이전에도 컴퓨터 게임은 존재했다. 그러나 이들은 교육용 프로그램이거나 기술 검증, 연구의 목적을 가지고 있는 경우여서 사람들에게 잘 알려지지 않았다. ‘테니스 포 투’는 오로지 사용자의 ‘재미’와 ‘즐거움’만을 위한 게임으로 개발되어, 1958년 10월 18일 연구소를 방문하는 사람들에게 처음 ​공개되었고, 게임을 한번 하기 위해 오랜 시간을 기다려야 할 만큼 큰 인기를 끌었다.》

목적 = 目的 artinya tujuan, objektif

교육 = 敎育 artinya pendidikan

사용자 = 使用者 artinya pengguna

Bahkan sebelum “Tennis for Two”, sudah ada permainan komputer lainnya. Akan tetapi, mereka tidak dikenal oleh orang pada umumnya, karena permainan-permainan itu adalah program edukasi untuk verifikasi teknis dan penelitian. “Tennis for Two” dibuat hanya untuk kesenangan dan kepuasan pengguna. Permainan ini pertama kali diperbolehkan untuk orang umum memainkannya pada tanggal 18 Oktober 1958. Orang-orangpun sampai mengantre untuk main.

《‘테니스 포 투’는 시중에 판매되지 않고, 전시 목적으로만 공개되었기 때문에 보다 많은 사람들의 주목을 받지 못한 채 금세 사람들의 기억 속에서 사라져갔다. 또한, 게임의 개발자 히긴보덤은 다수의 특허를 소유하고 있었지만 자신이 개발한 이 게임의 아이디어에는 특허를 신청하지 않았다. 게임 설계를 통해 일반인들이 과학 연구에 관심을 갖고, 과학 연구를 지원하는 커뮤니티를 형성하는 것이 더 중요하다고 생각했기 때문이다.》

주목 = 注目 artinya perhatian

판매 = 販賣 artinya penjualan, menjual

전시 = 展示 artinya pameran, dipamerkan, memamerkan

특허 = 特許 artinya paten

자신 = 自身 artinya diri sendiri

관심 = 關心 artinya ketertarikan

설계 = 設計 artinya desain

형성 = 形成 artinya pembentukan, membentuk

“Tennis for Two” dengan cepat menghilang dari ingatan masyarakat karena tidak dijual di pasaran dan hanya untuk pameran semata. Dan juga, pencipta permainan tersebut, Higinbotham, mempunyai beberapa paten, namun tidak mendaftarkan ide permainannya itu. Dia berpikir bahwa lebih penting masyarakat lebih tertarik pada penelitian ilmiah dan membentuk komunitas yang mendukung penelitian ilmiah melalui desain permainan.

《‘테니스 포 투’는 작은 원형 화면 안에 가로 방향의 코트와 수직 방향의 네트가 표현된 형태였다. 네트 위를 가로지르는 공은 실제 테니스 공처럼 보이도록 하얗고 긴 꼬리가 달려있었고, 네트에 공이 걸리면 공의 각도가 불규칙하게 변화하는 기능도 있었다. 게임을 하는 사람은 공이 가까이 다가올 때마다 컨트롤러의 손잡이를 조정하여 빠른 방향 전환을 해야만 했다.》

방향 = 方向 artinya arah

화면 = 畵面 artinya layar, monitor

“Tennis for Two” bentuknya kurang lebih seperti berikut; lapangannya horizontal, netnya vertikal, semua di dalam layar bundar yang kecil. Bolanya sangat mirip dengan bola tenis asli, sudut arah bola berganti dengan tidak beraturan ketika terkena net. Pemain harus menyesuaikan stik pengendali mereka untuk berbelok cepat ketika bola yang datang.

​《아날로그 회로를 기반으로 개발된 이 게임은 컴퓨터를 통해 제어되었는데, 게임을 하기 위해서는 입력된 전기 신호를 출력하여 전류를 생성하는 외부 장치인 트랜지스터 스위치를 사용했다. 공을 네트 위로 넘겨 주고받는 것이 반복되는 형태로 오늘날의 게임과 비교하면 그저 단순한 게임처럼 보이지만, 당시에는 최신 기술로 만들어진 혁신적인 게임이었다.》

비교 = 比較 artinya perbandingan, membandingkan

단순 = 單純 artinya sederhana

반복 = 反復 artinya pengulangan, mengulang

Dikembangkan dengan sirkuit analog, permainan ini dikendalikan melalui komputer, menggunakan saklar transistor, sebuah alat eksternal yang menghasilkan arus listrik dengan mengeluarkan sinyal listrik yang masuk. Terlihat sederhana dibandingkan dengan permainan masa kini karena hanya bola dipukul ke arah net berulang-ulang kali, namun pada masa itu, permainan tersebut inovatif menggunakan teknologi terbaru pada masanya.

《이용자들에게 즐거움을 선사했던 ‘테니스 포 투’가 등장하고 오래 지나지 않아 1962년 미국의 MIT 학생이었던 스티브 러셀(Steve Russell)이 ‘스페이스 워!(Spacewar!)’를 개발했다. ‘스페이스 워!’는 우주선을 움직여 상대 우주선을 맞추는 게임으로 특정 외부 기기가 없어도 컴퓨터만 있으면 누구나 게임을 즐길 수 있는 점에서 매우 획기적이었다. ‘테니스 포 투’가 연구소 방문자들을 대상으로 소수의 인원에게 즐거움을 준 반면, ‘스페이스 워!’는 컴퓨터 학과와 컴퓨팅 엔지니어들 사이에서 큰 인기를 얻으면서 보다 많은 이들에게 오락거리가 될 수 있었다.》

학생 = 學生 artinya siswa, mahasiswa

상대 = 相對 artinya lawan

우주선 = 宇宙船 artinya kapal luar angkasa

Tidak berapa lama setelah kemunculan “Tennis for Two”, Steve Russell, bekas mahasiswa MIT tahun 1962, mengembangkan “Space War!”. Ini adalah permainan menggerakkan kapal luar angkasa untuk menyerang kapal luar angkasa lawan. Ini sebuah terobosan karena tidak memerlukan komputer ataupun alat eksternal. Tidak seperti “Tennis for Two” yang hanya dikenal oleh pengunjung Laboratorium Nasional Brookhaven, “Space War!” populer di kalangan Fakultas Ilmu Komputer dan para teknisi komputer – ia menjadi hiburan bagi lebih banyak orang,

​《그 뒤 1972년에는 미국의 게임회사 아타리(Atari)에서 상업적인 목적으로 ‘퐁(Pong)’을 개발하게 된다. ‘퐁’은 라켓으로 공을 주고받는 탁구 게임으로 사람들에게 좋은 반응을 얻었는데, 당시 무수히 많은 동전 투입으로 기계가 고장이 날 정도로 폭발적인 인기가 있었다. 이러한 흐름 속에서 1970년대 콘솔 게임기가 출시되고 다양한 비디오 게임들이 시장에 쏟아져 나오며 전자 게임 시대의 본격적인 역사가 시작되었다.》

상업 = 商業 artinya perdagangan, bisnis

탁구 = 卓球 artinya tenis meja

동전 = 銅錢 artinya koin logam (tembaga)

Kemudian, pada tahun 1972, perusahaan AS bernama Atari mengembangkan permainan bernama “Pong” untuk tujuan komersil. Permainan ini laris di masyarakat dengan permainan tenis mejanya. Karena sangat populer, sangat diminati, orang-orang memasukkan banyak koin logam sekaligus supaya bisa lama memainkannya. Alhasil, mesin permainannya rusak. Semakin banyak permainan masuk ke pasaran dan dimulailah era permainan elektronik.

《일부 컴퓨터 공학자들이 개인적인 재미나, 실험의 일환으로 만들었던 초기의 게임은 IT 기술 발달과 함께 발전해오며 오늘날 사용자들에게 새로운 경험을 제공하고 있다. 게임에 대한 부정적인식도 있지만, 현대의 게임은 기술과 결합하여 3D 그래픽과 클라우드 서버의 발달 등 새로운 유형의 매체로도 발전하고 있다.》

인식 = 認識 artinya persepsi

결합 = 結合 artinya kombinasi, mengombinasikan

부정적 = 否定的 artinya negatif

Permainan-permainan di awal yang diciptakan oleh ahli komputer adalah bagian dari kesenangan dan percobaan mereka. Kini, ia telah berkembang dengan kemajuan teknologi informasi, memberikan pengalaman baru bagi para pengguna. Masih ada persepsi negatif tentang permainan, tetapi permainan-permainan modern juga berubah menjadi media baru termasuk pengembangan grafik 3D dan peladen awan (cloud servers).

​Kamus daring: https://papago.naver.com/

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